From the American Consulate - Yellow Fever Requirement
Contributed by: Don Winner
Attention hours for those who need the vaccine are Monday through Friday, from 7:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. and the cost is five dollars. Passengers in transit and coming from countries that are not included in the list of 45 countries with risk of yellow fever transmission, according the World Health Organization's (WHO) classification, are not required to have the international vaccination card against this disease.
For this vaccine to be effective it must be applied 10 days before the stipulated travel date and the dose duration (efficient protective titers) is 10 years.
The health measure announced by the Ministry of Health, of requesting as of next November 1, that all national or foreign travelers that enter Panama from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission be vaccinated, seeks to prevent the resurgence of the disease in the country.
It is necessary to remember that the last cases of sylvan yellow fever in Panama were registered in 1974 and the Ministry of Health tries to comply with what is established in the 2005 International Health Regulation (RSI), in preventing the spreading of epidemics and improving cooperation among countries with that same objective. Its adaptation is oriented towards current world challenges in view of the reappearance of infectious diseases, of the growing risk of international spreading and of the appearance of new health alerts with worldwide repercussions.
According to the WHO, 111 countries (including Panama) require that persons who enter their territory from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission be vaccinated.
Panama has an established epidemiological monitoring of yellow fever, proper attention of suspect cases, continuous education to the health team on disease prevention and control, information, education and communication with the community of prevention and control measures of yellow fever, a viral, transmissible, preventable and acute infectious disease, of rapid evolution and variable seriousness that is transmitted through a mosquito bite. Next is a list of countries with risk of yellow fever transmission, according to the World Health Organization (WHO):
- American Continent
- French Guiana
- Trinidad and Tobago
- African Continent
- Burkina Faso
- Republic of Congo
- Sao Tome and Principe
- Central African Republic
- Sierra Leone
- Côte D'Ivoire
- Equatorial Guinea
- United Republic of Tanzania
- Guinea Bissau
The list provided by the WHO of countries that request vaccination against yellow fever from international travelers that come from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission: 1 AFGHANISTAN 39 GUYANA 77 PANAMA 2 ALBANIA 40 HAITI 78 PAPUA NEW GUINEA 3 ALGERIA 41 HONDURAS 79 PARAGUAY 4 ANGUILLA 42 INDIA 80 PHILIPPINES 5 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 43 INDONESIA 81 PITCAIRN ISLANDS 6 AUSTRIALIA 44 ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN 82 REUNION ISLAND 7 BAHAMAS 45 IRAQ 83 SAINT HELENA 8 BAHRAIN 46 JAMAICA 84 SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS 9 BANGLADESH 47 JORDAN 85 SAINT LUCIA 10 BARBADOS 48 KAZAKHSTAN 86 SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 11 BELIZE 49 KENYA 87 SAMOA 12 BHUTAN 50 KIRIBATI 88 SAUDI ARABIA 13 BOLIVIA 51 KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF 89 SENEGAL 14 BOTSWANA 52 LAO, PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 90 SEYCHELLES 15 BRAZIL 53 LEBANON 91 SIERRA LEONE 16 BRUNEI DANUSSALAM 54 LESOTHO 92 SINGAPORE 17 CAMBODIA 55 LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA 93 SOLOMON ISLANDS 18 CAPE VERDE 56 MADAGASCAR 94 SOMALIA 19 CHAD 57 MALAWI 95 SOUTH AFRICA 20 CHINA 58 MALAYSIA 96 SRI LANKA 21 CHRISTMAS ISLAND 59 MALDIVES 97 SUDAN 22 COSTA RICA 60 MALTA 98 SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC 23 DJIBOUTI 61 MAURITANIA 99 SWAZILAND 24 DOMINICA 62 MAURITIUS 100 SURINAME 25 ECUADOR 63 MONSERRAT 101 THAILAND 26 EGYPT 64 MOZAMBIQUE 102 EAST TIMOR 27 EL SALVADOR 65 MYANMAR 103 TONGA 28 EQUATORIAL GUINEA 66 NAMIBIA 104 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 29 ERITREA 67 NAURU 105 TUNISIA 30 ETHIOPIA 68 NEPAL 106 UGANDA 31 FIJI 69 DUTCH ANTILLES 107 URUGUAY 32 FRENCH POLYNESIA 70 NEW CALIDONIA 108 UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA 33 GAMBIA 71 NICARAGUA 109 VIETNAM 34 GRENADA 72 NIGERIA 110 YEMEN 35 GUADALOUPE 73 NIUE 111 ZIMBABWE 36 GUATEMALA 74 OMAN 37 GUINEA 75 PAKISTAN 38 GUINEA-BISSAU 76 PALAU
(From the Panamanian Ministry of Health)
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