Poste a pourvoir

Bonjour à toutes et à tous.
> L'Institut Panos Paris recherche un assistant technique
> media pour le Burundi . Mission longue : 12 à 16 mois
> Ci-joint une fiche descriptive de poste
> Merci de faire circuler l'annonce dans vos réseaux …ou
> de postuler.
> Tout dossier de candidature est à adresser à :
> Sayfonh Khamphasith / Coordinatrice du pôle Afrique
> centrale de l'Institut
> Panos Paris
> sayfonh.khamphasith @panosparis. org
> Institut Panos Paris
> 10, rue du mail
> 75002 Paris / France
> Bon été à toutes et à tous (pour l'hémisphère
> Nord…)
> Au plaisir de vous lire ou de vous revoir
> Pascal Berqué
> Directeur des programmes

> Institut Panos Paris
> 10, rue du Mail - F-75002 Paris
> Tél. : 33 (0)1 40 41 13 30
> Fax : 33 (0)1 40 41 03 30
> pascal.berque@ panosparis. org
> pluralisme@panospar is.org
> www.panosparis. org

J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm: (250) (0) 78-847-0205 (Mtn Rwanda)
Gsm: (250) (0) 75-079-9819 (Rwandatel)
Home: (250) (0) 25-510-4140
P.O. Box 3867
Kigali - RWANDA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66


Canada’s Dollar Advances

Canada's Dollar Advances From
7-Week Low as Risk Appetite Gains

Source: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps

By Daniel Kruger and Chris Fournier

-- Canada's dollar rose from near a seven-week low as advances

by commodities and global stocks boosted investor demand

for higher-yielding assets such as commodity-linked currencies.

The Canadian dollar, known as the loonie, headed for its

first five-day gain in six weeks as a report said growth

in Canadian housing starts exceeded forecasts.

The nation's economic slowdown is likely to be among the

shallowest, and its recovery among the strongest, amid

developed countries, an International Monetary Fund

report yesterday showed.

"The story here is very much a rebound in commodity prices,

which always tends to help the Canadian dollar,"

said Michael Gregory, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets

in Toronto, a unit of the nation's fourth-largest bank.

"A lot of the Canadian economic numbers have come out

better than expected.

Things are depressed, but have turned around nicely.

The fundamental support for the currency is there."

Canada's currency strengthened 0.6 percent to C$1.1602

per U.S. dollar at 2:27 p.m. in Toronto, from C$1.1675 yesterday,

when it touched C$1.1725, the weakest level since May 18.

It gained 0.1 percent so far this week.

One Canadian dollar buys 86.19 U.S. cents.

Copper rose for the first time in five days on an increase

in Chinese car sales and on speculation the economy

will expand.

Copper for September delivery gained 3.6 percent to $2.237 a pound

on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Gold rose

from a two- month low.

Raw materials including copper and gold account

for more than half of Canada's export revenue.

Aussie, Kiwi

Crude oil for August delivery increased as much as

2.5 percent to $61.62 a barrel on the New York

Mercantile Exchange before fluctuating between gains

and losses. Crude is Canada's biggest export.

The MSCI World Index, a gauge of stocks in 23 developed nations,

rose 1 percent, snapping a five-day losing streak, and

the Standard & Poor's 500 Index was up 0.8 percent.

The loonie gained 5 percent so far this year against

the U.S. currency.

It lagged behind the dollars of two other commodity-producing

countries, Australia and New Zealand.

The Aussie gained 12 percent against the greenback this year,

and the kiwi advanced 9 percent.

"Canada's the next weakest-currency out of the whole bunch,

" said Eric Lascelles, chief economist and strategist at

TD Securities Inc. in Toronto, a unit of Canada's

second- biggest bank.

"If you believe the carry trade is still a dominant factor

in currencies, that could explain it."

In the carry trade, investors borrow funds in a country

where interest rates are lower and use the proceeds

to buy assets in a country with higher rates,

pocketing the difference.

Australia's benchmark rate is 3 percent and New Zealand's

is 2.5 percent, compared with 0.25 percent in Canada.

Risk Appetite

Investor appetite for risk was bolstered as the yen retreated

from a four-month high against the U.S. dollar.

Japanese Vice Finance Minister Kazuyuki Sugimoto

said at a Tokyo press conference a stronger yen may

squeeze exporter profits and have

negative effects on the country's economy.

"There are a number of issues at hand contributing to

the correction on risk,"

said Jack Spitz, managing director of foreign exchange

at National Bank of Canada in Toronto.

"That's all contributing to a reversal of the landscape seen yesterday."

Canadian government bonds declined.

The yield on the 10- year note increased three basis points,

or 0.03 percentage point, to 3.30 percent.

It touched 3.23 percent yesterday, the lowest since May 21.

The price of the 3.75 percent note maturing in

June 2019 fell 24 cents to C$103.76.

Housing Starts

Housing starts in Canada rose in June on construction of

both single- and multiple-unit homes,

the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. said today from Ottawa.

The total of 140,700 units on an annualized basis compared

with a revised 130,300 in May.

Economists expected the pace of starts would be 130,000 units,

according to the median of 17 responses in a Bloomberg News survey.

Canadian business spending increased more than

expected in June, the Ivey purchasing managers' index

showed on July 7.

The reading rose to 58.2 from 48.4 in May.

A reading of greater than 50 indicates that

purchases increased.

Economists expected the index would rise to 50.3,

based on the median of 12 estimates in a Bloomberg survey.

Statistics Canada is likely to report tomorrow that

a net 35,000 people lost their jobs in June, according to

the median forecast in a Bloomberg News survey of 18 economists.

The unemployment rate is forecast to increase to 8.7 percent,

from 8.4 percent.

The economy shed 41,800 jobs in May.

To contact the reporters on this story:

Daniel Kruger in New York at dkruger1@bloomberg.net;

Chris Fournier in Montreal at cfournier3@bloomberg.net

Source: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/

By Daniel Kruger and Chris Fournier

              J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205 (Mtn Rwanda)
Gsm:    (250) (0) 75-079-9819 (Rwandatel)
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
     P.O. Box 3867
   Kigali - RWANDA
     East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66

37 boys die in South Africa

37 boys die following traditional circumcisions in South Africa

JOHANNESBURG — Health officials say 37 boys have died

following traditional circumcisions in South Africa

since June 1, with 13 deaths in the past week alone.

The number is a dramatic increase from last year's 24 deaths.

Provincial health spokesman Sizwe Kupelo says more than

100 boys have been hospitalized with infections caused

by circumcision in Eastern Cape province.

Circumcision of youths in their late teens is a rite of

passage for many in the Xhosa tribe.

Kupelo said Wednesday that doctors have

removed boys from illegal "initiation schools" and police

have arrested 11 people accused of performing

the operations without licenses.

             J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205 (Mtn Rwanda)
Gsm:    (250) (0) 75-079-9819 (Rwandatel)
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
    P.O. Box 3867
  Kigali - RWANDA
    East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66


Safe journey Mzee Bemba

Jean-Pierre Bemba assistera aux

funérailles de son père en RDC


— L'ancien vice-président congolais Jean-Pierre Bemba,
détenu à la prison de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI)
à La Haye, assistera mercredi
à une célébration religieuse à Bruxelles
en mémoire de son père récemment décédé,
a-t-on appris lundi auprès son avocat.

"Une permission de sortie lui a été accordée
par la Cour", a indiqué à l'AFP son avocat,
Me Pierre Legros, joint par téléphone.

Jean-Pierre Bemba
, ancien vice-président
de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC),
"participera à une célébration religieuse
mercredi à 13H00 (11H00 GMT) à Bruxelles",
a-t-il précisé.

Le père de Jean-Pierre Bemba, le sénateur
et homme d'affaires Jeannot Bemba Saolana,
proche de l'Ex président zairois,
Mobutu Sese seko, est décédé
le 2 juillet dans un hôpital de Bruxelles,
à 67 ans, à la suite d'un malaise.

Ses funérailles se dérouleront en RDC,
"peut-être vers la fin de la semaine",
selon Me Legros.

Jean-Pierre Bemba est en détention
provisoire à La Haye depuis juillet 2008,
dans l'attente d'un procès pour crimes
de guerre et crimes contre l'humanité
commis en Centrafrique par sa milice,
le Mouvement de libération du Congo (MLC),
entre octobre 2002 et mars 2003.

Il avait été arrêté à Bruxelles en mai 2008
en exécution d'un mandat d'arrêt de la CPI.

Copyright © 2009 AFP. Tous droits réservés

             J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205 (Mtn Rwanda)
Gsm:    (250) (0) 75-079-9819 (Rwandatel)
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
    P.O. Box 3867
  Kigali - RWANDA
    East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66

How stable / shaky is the Dollar

Source: Brian Love,


Dollar discomfort thrust onstage for Italy summit

* Summit expected to voice cautious
optimism on economy

* Crisis exit strategy remains a flashpoint, sources say

* China wants global reserve currency discussion

* Officials play down reserve currency debate

* Italy urges global conduct charter in business/finance
(Updates with China vice foreign minister He Yafei quotes)

By Brian Love

PARIS, July 5 (Reuters) - World leaders are
bound to express the hope that the worst of
the global economic crisis is passing when
they meet this week, but they are under pressure,
too, to manage a Chinese challenge to decades
of dollar supremacy.

Beijing, which has floated the idea of an alternative
to the dollar as world reserve currency one day,
wants a debate on the matter -- sensitive in
financial markets which are wary of
risks to U.S. asset values -- at
a July 8-10 summit in Italy, officials say.

With so much of its reserves invested in
U.S. assets, Beijing needs to ensure that its
longer-term goals do not spook markets in
the short term and hit the dollar's value
-- a point Vice Foreign Minister He Yafei
made in Rome on Sunday.

"The U.S. dollar is still the most important
and major reserve currency of the day,
and we believe that that situation
will continue for many years to come," He said.

Leaders from the Western economic powers
and Russia meet in Italy on Wednesday and
are joined the day after by leaders from China,
India, Brazil and others to discuss global challenges
-- chief among them the worst recession in living memory.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel says not
to expect any grand initiatives in Italy
on the economy, largely because governments
are already pumping trillions of dollars into
bank stabilisation and economic stimulus,
and also because they have their eyes on
a bigger G20 summit in the U.S. city
of Pittsburgh in September.

The best the Italians can expect from the meetings
in the quake-hit town of L'Aquila,
economists say, are statements that commit
the old and new economic powers
to keep working together to contain
the crisis and, once that is done,
envisage new rules for a better regulated global economy.

Carl Weinberg of High Frequency Economics
in New York says genuine coordination
beyond carefully negotiated communiques
is hard to have when governments are spending
so much money to tend to
their own voters and industries right now.

"In a time when fiscal budgets are stretched
and deficits are reaching historic proportions,
few governments will be able to find
the cash to support foreigners' standards
of living.

Resources are need to buy jobs at home," he said.


Summit host Silvio Berlusconi, Italy's prime minister,
may find it easy enough to broker what the leaders
can say about the state of the economy right now,
namely that the situation may be stabilising
but the world is far from out of the woods.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development raised its economic forecasts
on June 24 for the first time in two years,
predicting 4.1 percent GDP contraction in
the 30 mostly industrialised countries
of the OECD as a whole rather than
the 4.3 percent previously envisaged.

It forecast a minor 0.7 percent rise
in GDP next year instead of a further dip.

The tension may rise in L'Aquila though,
if, as sources say, Germany's Merkel
presses others to say in very explicit terms
that they are committed to reverse quickly
out of all the heavy spending and debts
they have run up once the recovery starts.

Budget deficits are forecast to rise six-fold
in the OECD group of countries by 2010,
from 2007 levels, to 8.8 percent of GDP
from 1.4 percent, the OECD's latest forecasts show.

Washington, London, Paris and Japan,
to name just some, do not want to commit
so hard and fast to such an "exit strategy",
even if they agree to the principle.

According to information gleaned from sources,
Germany will push the issue but
face stiff resistance to anything
beyond vague commitment.

Japanese officials cited the OECD's
latest commentary as a pointer to
the potential tenor of the statements
that would be issued by G8 leaders.

The OECD says fiscal stimulus should not
be withdrawn at a pace that jeopardises recovery.

The most delicate issue leaders will face
in economic terms is probably China's push
for consideration of alternatives to
the dollar as the world's reserve currency.

The dollar lost a cent versus the euro at
one stage last week when Reuters reported
sources as saying Beijing wanted the matter debated.

One official, speaking anonymously,
said China might push for mention of
the matter in published statements from Italy.

Other sources involved in preparation of
the meetings said Brazil and India backed
Beijing's call for debate but there was
consensus among the G8 countries,
at least, that nothing of significance could
or should materialise at this stage.

If China insisted on something being
put into a statement, it would surely be
with references worded obscurely
enough to be "meaningless",
one official who spoke to Reuters said.

"In the midst of what is still a significant
global recession, it's important that we
aim for stability, and stability has been
based on the U.S. dollar as
the global currency," Canada Finance Minister
Jim Flaherty said on Friday.

Beijing, equally, has reason to move carefully,
even if Zhou Xiaochuan, head of
the Chinese central bank, launched the debate
last March when he said the SDR,
the International Monetary Fund's unit
of account, might one day displace the dollar.

Some diplomats and bankers suggest
Zhou's primary aim was to highlight attention
on concern expressed by Premier Wen Jiabao
about the safety of China's huge dollar holdings
-- at risk if U.S. policy turns
to greater tolerance of inflation.

Bankers reckon China holds perhaps 70 percent
of its $1.95 trillion in official currency reserves in the dollar.

In his Rome briefing,
Chinese deputy foreign minister He said
it was "natural" to want to ensure the safety
of Chinese dollar investments but he appeared
keen to convey that the long-term debate
on reserve currencies was just that.

"You may have heard comments,
opinions from academic circles about
the idea of establishing a super sovereign currency.

This is all, I believe, now a discussion
among academics. It is not the position
of the Chinese government."

As for the outcome of the Italy meetings,
Marco Annunziata, economist at UniCredit bank,
said Beijing may want the issue discussed
with other leaders but would not push too hard.

"FX markets will of course wonder till
the last minute whether the BRICs or China
alone will mount a serious challenge
to the dollar, but are bound
to be disappointed," he said.

In L'Aquila, Italy is also pressing leaders
to back a global charter for business and finance,
a sprawling compendium of best practices
in labour, taxation, investment and
myriad other domains where
international organisations have produced
thousands of mostly voluntary
guidelines over the decades.

Germany's Merkel wants something of
the same sort but it is far from clear,
officials say, that the gathering will reach
anything amounting to a definitive decision
on the charter the Italians calls
the Lecce Framework.

(With reporting by Reuters reporters worldwide)

Source: Brian Love,


              J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205 (Mtn Rwanda)
Gsm:    (250) (0) 75-079-9819 (Rwandatel)
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
     P.O. Box 3867
   Kigali - RWANDA
     East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66


Electronic Commerce Protection Act to Stop Spam

No Spam

Getting out a lot of spam in your inbox lately or even

on your cellphone?

Well potentially, not for long.

The Canada's Minister of Industry announced that

a bill (C-27) has been introduced to stop the perpetuation

of spam through electronic means.

This has come from a recommendation by the National Task Force on Spam,

and the bill even would allow businesses and consumers to take civil action

towards anyone who violates the act.

This may not be the end to spam, but it's a good start!

Check Out the Bill Here! Here

Tag: , ,

             J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
    P.O. Box 3867
  Kigali - RWANDA
    East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66

Small-town America pins hopes on West trade route


Small-town America pins hopes on West trade route

LIMON, Colo. (AP) — For Joe Kiely, the drone of thousands of trucks

passing his Colorado plains town signals economic prosperity.

The caravans carrying billions of dollars worth of goods move

along a 2,300-mile, mostly rural, two-lane trade route from Mexico to Canada,

and frequently stop in on towns like Limon (LY-min) and bring business

to their hotels, truck stops, gas stations and fast food restaurants.

If the Ports to Plains Corridor is going to be able to handle

the increasing flow of goods, Kiely said, the highways need to be expanded.

To realize the corridor's potential, Kiely and municipal officials up and down

the highway want federal backing for a 20-year plan to expand the road to four lanes.

Some $900 million has been spent since 1997, and this year more

than $80 million in stimulus funds went to road construction and improvements

on parts of the highway in Colorado, Texas and New Mexico.

"Whether or not the four-lane divided highway gets built in the 20-year time,

the amount of traffic that's on these will grow," said Kiely,

vice chairman of operations for the Ports-to-Plains Corridor Coalition,

a Lubbock, Texas-based lobbying group.

"The result of that will be a more unsafe situation.

You can only put so many trucks on a two-lane road."

The roadway goes from the Port of Raymond on the U.S. border

with Saskatchewan to Laredo, Texas. It winds its way through Texas,

New Mexico, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana

and North and South Dakota.

Capitalizing on the North American Free Trade Agreement, the corridor

moves produce, livestock, petrochemicals and oil and gas equipment,

Kiely said.

His group has reached out to Mexico and Canada for

political support, and Alberta, Saskatchewan's neighbor to the west, recently joined it.

"It only stands to reason that if there is an opportunity to increase our trade,

or streamline our trade, that we should be a partner," said Leonard Mitzel,

a member of Alberta's Legislative Assembly. Mitzel noted

Canada's oil industry depends on trucks and machinery

imports from the U.S. and Mexico.

The nine states accounted for $43.2 billion in corridor truck exports

to Mexico in 2007 and $38.2 billion in imports, said

the U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics' Commodity Flow Survey.

They also generated $15.8 billion in truck exports to Canada in 2007

and $13 billion in truck imports.

More billions are shipped among the states. In 2002, for example,

Colorado's corridor truck trade with Texas totaled $4.9 billion,

according to the latest bureau data. Trade among all nine states totaled $12.4 billion.

Kiely said the group has been talking with leaders in

the Mexican border state of Coahuila because of its many maquiladoras,

or assembly plants, and because Coahuila can provide

a trade path to central Mexico.

Work on the portion spanning Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico

and Colorado is expected to cost $2.3 billion over 20 years,

generating $4.5 billion in new jobs, sales taxes, manufacturing and lodging.

Estimates for the other states are under way.

In Limon, where the town center was nearly destroyed by a 1990 tornado,

Kiely said Ports to Plains will lure manufacturing to supplement

lodging and food, which employ roughly 300 people.

Limon's central Colorado location, cheap land prices, open space

for trucks and lack of congestion can be attractive to companies, he said.

About 2 million trucks pass through Limon every year — 1.3 million

on the corridor and 700,000 on Interstate 70, which runs west to Denver.

The way Kiely sees it, a town created in 1888 as a water stop for trains

can retain youth who now leave for better opportunities elsewhere.

"That's what keeps a town going," he said.

Del Rio, Texas, a Mexican border town of 45,000 about 160 miles northwest

of Laredo, also has lost population to larger cities, said Sid Cauthorn,

a banker who serves as coalition chairman. He's hoping the trade route changes that.

"I'm not knocking Denver, Dallas, San Antonio or anybody," he said.

"I'm just saying our communities would be better off if our kids could stay."

Kiely has an answer for those who think 20 years is a long time to wait.

"If you don't start now, you don't get it," he said. "It was 1990 when

the tornado came through here. ... Where are we from 1990 now? Almost 20 years."

             J-L K.
Procurement Consultant
Gsm:    (250) (0) 78-847-0205
Home:  (250) (0) 25-510-4140
    P.O. Box 3867
  Kigali - RWANDA
    East AFRICA
Blog: http://cepgl.blogspot.com
Skype ID: kayisa66