Opportunities For Export And Import In South Africa

South Africa was originally founded in 1652
by Dutch traders.

They settled in Cape Town.

Diamonds were discovered in 1867.

Gold was discovered in 1886.

From that point on South Africa has
been known for the rich minerals and
precious metals that can be mined.

This is one of their biggest export industries.

If you are interested in doing import or
export business with South Africa you will
find that precious metals, agriculture,
electricity, and oil are
the biggest opportunities for you.

Gold, Diamonds, and Platinum are
the three biggest precious metals that
are exported from this country.

Emeralds are also mined but it is
not exported on as large a scale as
the top three precious metals.

Most of the jewellery that is purchased
for an engagement ring gets
its precious metals from South Africa.

Yellow gold is the most popular metal for wedding rings.

Platinum is more expensive than gold
and not used as often in jewellery
for the mere fact that it is much more rare.

Many agricultural items are exported
from South Africa. Corn, wheat, sugarcane,
fruits, vegetables, beef, poultry, mutton,
wool and dairy products are the top export items.

Although it might seem that South Africa
is a dry place with no water in sight,
it in fact is abundant with food
to sell to other countries in need.

Electricity is also exported by South Africa.

As more electricity is used than consumed
it is a top commodity that other countries purchase.

If you realize that it one of the major methods
of energy after natural gas, you will see
the true value of this.

Over 49 million people in South Africa have
a need for this but not everyone uses it.

A major item that is exported to other countries
is oil and natural gas.

This goes along the same line as electricity.

Any country that can meet their energy needs
and yet still able to export that product after all
its inhabitant's needs are met is a wonder.

This is how it can be a net exporter instead
of an importer for most of its goods.

As the price of oil will only increase
as less of it is discovered by
other countries it will continue
to be a top commodity.

There was a certain time in South Africa's history
when apartheid was an in effect.

Because of the very nature of its existence
it caused many problems as other countries
didn't want to do business.

It had to go through a major struggle
to get to the current state.

Now that it is no longer in effect
many countries that had bans from
doing business were lifted.

Now is a great time to do business
with South Africa.

The country has had many ideological changes
and is open to change to improve
the livelihood of its citizens.

This country has come a long way from
its original Dutch and British historical beginnings
to become one that is fair
to all people regardless of their race.

The Western Cape Investment and 

Trade Promotion Agency (WESGRO)

Link here


Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

PRINCE -purple rain -long version-

In Memoriam - Madilu System - Ya Jean

Ringo Madlingozi- Ekuseni

Lucky Dube 'I Want to Know What Love Is'


Kenya:Major Fuel Shortage Hits Western Region

Business Daily (Nairobi)

Zeddy Sambu

Fuel pumps in most parts of western Kenya
have run dry as increasing demand
associated with the festive season
weighs on thinning supplies by major oil dealers.

Kisumu was by Tuesday the most
affected with no petrol supplied since Christmas eve.

Other major towns including Eldoret,
the greater Kericho and Kisii districts
also had their supplies exhausted
after marketers were said to have
collected inadequate fuel products
from the national distribution system
on Christmas eve.

National pipeline officials owned up
to delays in loading petrol for the Kisumu depots,
but accused oil marketers
of failing to replenish their stocks in time.

"Oil marketers last loaded on December 24.
Our depots have been open through out
but the marketers did not come
for replenishments," said KPC's
operations manager, Mr Philip Kimelu.

On Tuesday, however, KPC was preparing
to load up to seven million litres
(stocks to last for one week)
for the Kisumu depot that
serves the city and neighbouring Uganda.

"Kisumu which requires about one million litres
of various products per day will receive
seven million litres and Eldoret (five)
to last for the next one week.

Additional supplies will last
each of them for one week,"
said Kimelu.

Most marketers contacted by
the Business Daily declined
to comment on the shortages
and subsequent price hikes.

It also emerged that the oil dealers
with few remaining stocks have raised
fuel prices by between Sh3 and Sh5
due to supply shortages,
sparking protests from motorists.

Most of the branded stations
in the region were selling a litre
of unleaded premium at Sh83.40,
regular at Sh84.40 and diesel at Sh73.40.

The independent dealers were selling
a litre of regular at Sh81.90
and diesel at Sh71.90.

In Nairobi, unleaded fuel is retailing at
Sh87 a litre within the Central Business
District (CBD) and neighbouring areas.

Marketers stand accused for
hoarding petroleum products at
a time when demand is high,
as well as flouting market rules
whenever demand peaks.

Nairobi and Mombasa account
for nearly 60 per cent of
the country's petroleum consumption.

Oil prices retreated to near $73 (Sh5,475)
a barrel on Monday as
Opec giants last week, indicated
they would leave crude production levels
unchanged while seeking to ensure
compliance with members' output
quotas by March, next year.

On December 1, international crude prices
touched the record levels of $79.2 per barrel
(159 litres), fuelling pressure at the pumps,
having risen from $68 a barrel in October,
when local pump prices stood at Sh81 per litre.

Supply bottlenecks have gripped
the oil industry in recent months
from break down at country's sole
ageing refinery to capacity
constraints at KPC.

Fears that the fuel prices are likely
to increase further due to increased
demand during the festive season
were compounded by a recent rally
in the prices for crude across
major international markets.

Between January and June, the refinery
has been facing technical challenges
on its facilities used
to produce petrol and cooking gas.

Link here


Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

Some hot spots


Café torero Kigali, Rue Chez Venant,

AudioTex Building,

Tel: +250 788419148

Chez Lando, Corner of ICTR Street

and Airport Road,

Tel: +250252582050

Chez Robert, In front of

the Mille Collines Hotel,

Tel: +250252575573

ChêneVert, Tel: +250252572615

Cosmos, Tel: +250252578244

Executive Car Wash, Next to RRA Building

Heaven Restaurant and Bar,
Tel: +250 0252500234

Mobile: +250 7888674366 / 788486581

Email: heavenrwanda@gmail.com

Jali Club, Tel: +250252571086

Le Plein Midi, Behind Chez Lando,

Tel: +250252574718

Matonge, Rd to Electrogaz,

Mobile: +250 78841889

Oasis Bar, Tel: +250252583497

Planet, Kigali Business Centre

Papyrus Lounge, Kimihurura, Kigali,

Mobile: +250 788308970,

Email: info@papyruslounge.com,

Website: papyruslounge.com

Republika Lounge, off Avenue

des Grands Lacs,

Kiyovu. Mobile: +250 78303030

  Restaurant Bar Tranquillité,

Tel: +250 62696

Restaurant Bar Bravo, Tel: +250 62702

Virunga Sports Bar, MTN Centre.

Mobile: +250 788300005 / 78307250



Casino Kigali, Top Tower Hotel,

Umuganda Boulevard, Kigali,

Tel: +250 788306959,

Email: casino@casinokigali.com

Casino Gisenyi, at The Sodevi Nightclub,

Tel: +250 (0)252540777

Email: casino@casinokigali.com

website: www.casinogisenyi.com


Café torero Kigali, Rue Chez Venant,

AudioTex Building,

Tel: +250 788419148

Chez Lando, Corner of ICTR Street

and Airport Road,

Tel: +250252582050

Chez Robert, In front of

the Mille Collines Hotel,

Tel: +250252575573

ChêneVert, Tel: +250252572615

Cosmos, Tel: +250252578244

Executive Car Wash, Next

to RRA Building

Heaven Restaurant and Bar,

Tel: +250 0252500234

Mobile: +250 7888674366 / 788486581

Email: heavenrwanda@gmail.com

Jali Club, Tel: +250252571086

Le Plein Midi, Behind Chez Lando,

Tel: +250252574718

Matonge, Rd to Electrogaz,

Mobile: +250 78841889

Oasis Bar, Tel: +250252583497

Planet, Kigali Business Centre

Papyrus Lounge, Kimihurura, Kigali,

Mobile: +250 788308970,

Email: info@papyruslounge.com,

Website: papyruslounge.com

Republika Lounge, off Avenue des Grands Lacs,

Mobile: +250 78303030

Restaurant Bar Tranquillité, Tel: +250 62696

Restaurant Bar Bravo, Tel: +250 62702

Virunga Sports Bar, MTN Centre.

Mobile: +250 788300005 / 78307250



Casino Kigali, Top Tower Hotel,

Umuganda Boulevard, Kigali,

Tel: +250 788306959,

Email: casino@casinokigali.com

Casino Gisenyi, at The Sodevi Nightclub,

Tel: +250 (0)252540777

Email: casino@casinokigali.com

website: www.casinogisenyi.com



Flamingo Chinese Restaurant, Kimihurua, Kigali

Cell: +250 7883 00333.

Email: finaflamingo1@yahoo.fr.

Shangaï, Near Novotel Hotel,

Tel: +250 788503111


Lalibela Restaurant, Remera.

Mobile: +250 78519155


Amy's, Taxi Station, Downtown,

Tel: +250252517004

Baba's, Kigali Business Centre,

Mobile: +250 788589786

BCK Fast Food, Near Isimbi Hotel.

Cercle Sportif, Across from Saint Exupéry,

Tel: +250252574070

Hills Take Away, Union trade Center

La Galette, Next to the old central market,

Tel: +250252575434

Le Poséidon, Town Centre,

Tel: +250252501564

Masaka Farms @ Papyrus, Kimihurura, Kigali

Mobile: +250 788308970,

Website: www.masakafarms.com

Sopetrad, Main Street Kiyovu,

Tel: +250252573953


City Centre, Next to Gloria Hotel,

Tel: +250252571278; Remera branch

in Remera crossing

Chez Robert, Tel: +250252501305

Comme Chez Moi, Restaurant et traiteur,

Mobile: +250 788454162


Hellénique, Near Cadillac Disco Bar,

Tel: +250252583731


Afrikabite (Kimihurura)

Tel: +250 788867258,

Email: Katie@nizette.org

Aérobar, Airport Building,

Tel: +250252584500

Arada, Minister's Road,

Mobile: +250 788860968

Banana Jam Café, Kigali Serena Hotel,

Tel: +250252597100

Baobab, Nyamirambo, Tel: +250252575633

Le Belvédère, Across from BCR Bank,

Tel: +250252570499,

Mobile: +250 7888562226

Comme Chez Moi, Restaurant et traiteur,

Mobile: +250 788454162,

Chez Lando, Corner of ICTR Street and Airport Road,

Tel: +250252582050

Chez Robert, In front of the Mille Collines Hotel,

Tel: +250252575573

Chez Venant, Nyamirambo Road,

Tel: +250252572260

Côté Jardin, Novotel Umubano Hotel,

Tel: +250252582176/7/8

East African Food (Mère Josée)

Restaurant and catereer

Gsm: +25078500064

Diplomat, Kigali Serena Hotel,

Tel: +250252597100

Gorilla (Le Dos Argenté), Next to Restaurant

Tel: +250252501717

Heaven Restaurant & Bar, Tel: +250252500234

Mobile: +250 788674366 / 788486581

Email: heavenrwanda@gmail.com

Iris, Near EU Delegation,

Mobile: +250 788753656

Isimbi, Near Post Office,

Tel: +250252572578, 572581/93

Karisimbi Restaurants & Bars

Tel: +250252575128,

Mobile: +250 788517073

La Vallée Douce, Old Airport Road,

Tel: +250252582981

New Cactus,, Kayuku Street,

Tel: +250252572572.

New Mangaroca S.A.R.L,

Tel: +250 78387144

Okapi, Rue de Muhima,

Tel: +250252574169. 574413

Panorama, Hotel Mille Collines,

Tel: +250252576530

Papyrus Lounge, Kimihurura, Kigali,

Mobile: +250 788308970

Republika Lounge, Kiyovu,

Off Avenue Des GrandsLacs

Tel: +250252504051,

Mobile: +250 78853007

Sierra, Beside Bacar Bank,

Tel: +250252575486

Sky Hotel, Main road to Nyamirambo,

Tel: +250252516693,

Mobile: +250 7883 00323

Tam-Tam, Near the Main Bus Station

Tennessee Club, Main Road to Kimihurura


Havana Club, Kacyiru Road,

Tel: +250252510440.

Closed on Mondays.

Salsa music played at Havana

Karisimbi, Near Hotel Mille Collines,

Tel: +250252571528

New Cactus, Kayuku Street,

Tel: +250252572572.

Papyrus Lounge, Kimihurura, Kigali,

Mobile: +250 788308970

Sol e Luna, Main Airport Rd,

Tel: +250252583062


Ice & Spice,Tel: +250252570608,

+250 788513496

Handee Restaurant, Rue de L'Akagera Kiyovu,

Tel: + 250 750344900

Email: handee_2009@yahoo.com,

Khana Khazana, 10 Kajangwe Avenue, Kiyovu

Mobile: +250 788772087/ 758301729

Email: khazanarwanda@yahoo.com,

Mango, Main Taxi Station Downtown

Salt and Pepper, Albert House,

Mobile: +250 7885 60797

Sierra, Beside Bacar Bank, Tel: +250252575486


Masaka Farms @ Papyrus, Kimihurura, Kigali

Mobile: +250 788308970,

Website: www.masakafarms.com


Banjo, Remera Road

Capri, Behind Shell Station

Comme Chez Moi, Restaurant et traiteur,

Mobile: +250 788454162

Fine Dine Bar & Restaurant,

Opposite Commercial Bank

of Rwanda, Revenue

Mobile: +250 788841375,

Email: expholdings@yahoo.co.uk

La Caverne, Road to Butare,

Tel: +250252574549

Chez John, Near Cercle Sportif,

Tel: +250252571678

Executive Car Wash, Next to RRA Building

Karibu Restaurant, Tel: +250252501793

Mc Doneil's, Road from Nyamirambo

Memories, Behind the Novotel Hotel

New Nectar, Next to the Sky Hotel

Ninzi Hill, Main Boulevard in Kacyiru,

Tel: +250252587714

Nouvelle Planéte, Opposite the Chez Lando,

Tel: +250252587527

Ozone Café. MTN Centre.

Mobile: +250 788301566.

Palisse, Main road to Kabungo

Passadena (Mu Rugo), Gikondo Nyenyere

Le Printemps, Behind Amahoro Stadium,

Tel: +250252582142

Via Nova, Near Main Post Office


Comme Chez Moi
Restaurant et traiteur, Kimihurura,Kigali

Tel: +250 788454162

Asoferwa ASBL Association de

Solidarité des Femmes Rwandaises.

Tel: +250252586394,

Mobile: +250 788533441

Email: asoferwa@rwanda1.com

Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund (DFGF),

Box. 2411 Kigali

Tel: +250252585850,

Website: www.gorillafund.com

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS),

Tel: +250252520810/11

International Gorilla Conservation

Programme, (IGCP),

Mobile: +250 788304977,

Website: www.igcp.org

Link here
Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

L'avenir de l'électricité en Chine passe par les ampoules basse consommation

Joëlle Garrus (AFP)

La Chine, qui s'est engouffrée il y a plusieurs années
sur le marché des technologies "vertes",
a notamment ravi celui
des ampoules basse consommation,
appelées à remplacer celles
à incandescence dévoreuses d'électricité.

L'atelier de la planète était
le premier fabricant mondial
d'ampoules incandescentes, mais a su
saisir le tournant du 21e siècle,
vouant aux gémonies le bulbe classique,
qui produit plus de chaleur que de lumière.

Leur élimination progressive a déjà
commencé dans les pays industrialisés.
La Chine devrait suivre à terme.

"L'éclairage en Chine, c'est environ
12% de la consommation d'électricité - principale
responsable des émissions
de dioxyde de carbone".

Les lampes fluocompactes (LFC) "seraient
une bonne voie" à suivre,
commente Li Ang de Greenpeace.

En une décennie, le pays a multiplié
par 12 sa production d'ampoules
basse consommation: 2,4 milliards en 2006,
contre 200 millions en 1997,
selon le ministère du Commerce.

L'an dernier, la production de LFC
a même "atteint quelque 3 milliards
dont 2,1 milliards exportés",
affirme Chen Yansheng,
directeur de l'Association
de l'industrie de l'éclairage de Chine.

Dans le monde, les fluocompactes
restent encore minoritaires: 6%
des ampoules vendues,
contre 70% d'incandescentes,
selon le Programme des Nations
unies pour le développement (PNUD).

Mais elles sont à 80% fabriquées
en Chine et majoritairement par
des entreprises chinoises, selon M. Chen.

Les géants étrangers, comme l'américain GE,
ou l'allemand Osram (Siemens), sont
néanmoins présents.
Le néerlandais Philips produit ainsi
en Chine "l'essentiel de ses LFC
dans le segment moyen, le segment haut
provenant de Pologne", indique
un porte-parole sans préciser
ni volume de production
ni montant des exportations.

"En tant que leader du marché, Philips est
le principal distributeur de lampes LFC
venant de Chine", de ses coentreprises
ou de fournisseurs, selon la même source.

Mais les étrangers visent aussi
le prometteur marché chinois: 1,3 milliard
de consommateurs découvrant
à peine les lampes "vertes".

Si chaque habitant changeait
une ampoule de 60W pour son équivalent
basse consommation, "cela économiserait plus
que la production annuelle d'électricité
du barrage des Trois-Gorges",
pharaonique ouvrage sur le Yangtsé,
plaide Ang Li.

Des millions de tonnes d'eau,
de charbon, de CO2...

La Commission nationale pour la réforme
et le développement (planification économique)
a de son côté calculé que le pays
pourrait économiser, en dix ans,
entre 160 et 216 milliards de kilowatts heures
d'électricité, en se convertissant aux lampes économes.

Ce qui réduirait ses émissions de CO2,
principal des gaz à effet de serre
responsables du changement climatique,
de 175 à 237 millions de tonnes.

Un gros coup de pouce pour une nation
ayant promis, à la veille de la conférence
de Copenhague, de réduire ses émissions
de gaz à effet de serre par unité de PIB
de 40 à 45% d'ici à 2020, par rapport à 2005.

En outre, le premier producteur mondial
a tout intérêt à développer son propre marché
pour faire face à la baisse de la demande
étrangère attendue,
vu la longévité des flucompactes...

La Chine n'a pas encore imposé à domicile
les "lampes qui économisent l'énergie",
selon leur appellation chinoise.
Mais elle s'emploie activement
à les promouvoir, via notamment
des distributions d'ampoules subventionnées.

En juillet, Pékin a aussi signé un programme
de 84 millions de dollars avec le PNUD
sur quatre ans pour aider la conversion
de l'industrie de l'éclairage, éduquer
la population et résoudre la question
des ampoules usagées -- gros problème
en raison du mercure qu'elles contiennent,
dans un pays où le tri sélectif
n'existe quasiment pas.

Link here



Diplomatic Missions - Embassies in Rwanda

Rwanda Ministry Of Foreign Affairs

 and Cooperation

Belgium, Rue de Nyarugenge,
Tel: +250252575551 / 2 / 3 / 4,

Fax: +250252573995.

Burundi, 4 Rue de Ntararuka,
Tel: +250252517529 / 30 / 575512.

Canada, Rue de L'Akagera,

Tel: +250252571762/3/4,
574228, 573210,

Fax: +250252572719.

China, 44 Boulevard de la Revolution,
Tel: +250252575415 / 510489

/ 572168 / 572773.

Egypt, Boulevard de L'Umuganda,
Tel: +250 87510 / 587560

/ 582039 / 582689.

Germany, Rue de Bugurama,
Tel: +250252575222 / 575141

/ 575505.

India, Rue du Lac Ihema.
Tel: +250252574556 / 576472,

Fax: +250252574290.

Kenya, Boulevard de L'Umuganda,
Tel: +250252583332 / 4 / 5 / 6 /

511889, Fax: +250252510919.

Libya, Tel: +250252572294 /

Fax: +250252572347.

Netherlands, Boulevard de L'Umuganda.
Tel: +250252584348 / 584378 /584711.

Russia, Avenue de L'Armee.
Tel: +250252575286, Fax: +250252574818.

South Africa, Boulevard de L'Umuganda.
Tel: +250252583185 / 6 / 7 / 8,

Sweden, Aurora Building, 1 Floor. Kacyiru.

Tel: +250252597400, Fax: +250252597459.


Switzerland, Boulevard de Revolution.

Tel: +250252573534 / 575738.

Tanzania, Tel: +250252505400 / 1 / 3 / 585302

Tel/Fax: +250252505403 / 585301,

Fax: +250252505402.

Uganda, Rue de L'Akagera. Tel: +250 +250 76854
Fax: +250252576854,

Email: ugaemb@rwanda1.com

United Kingdom, Boulevard de L'Umuganda.

Tel: +250252586072 / 586050 / 584098 / 585771

Fax: +250252582044,


Website: www.britishembassykigali.org.rw

USA, 2657 Avenue de la Gendarmerie (Kacyiru)

Tel: +2502525596400 Extension: 2553,

Fax: +250252596771 / 596591

If coming from a country where there is

no Ethiopian mission, you can acquire

a visa at entry points. Multiple visas are

offered for tourists staying longer

than 3 months and prices begin at US$20.

Transit visas are available for visitors

staying 72 hours or fewer. A valid passport

and passport-sized photo are required

to obtain a visa.

Ethiopian visas can take up

to 5 business days to process.

Travelers from COMESA nations and

some island nations do not need

visas to visit Uganda. For all others, visas

can be obtained at entry points,

starting at a 3-month visa for US$30.

Multiple entry visas are available

for stays of 6 months or longer.

When ordering visas ahead of time,

allow 2 business days for processing.

Residents of Commonwealth countries

(except India, Nigeria, Canada, Australia,

New Zealand and the UK) do not require

visas to Tanzania. Neither do citizens

of Kenya, Uganda, Namibia, Ireland, Romania,

Rwanda and Hong Kong. Visas, which also

allow entry into Zanzibar, can be obtained

at entry points. Visa fees begin at US$30.

Transit visas last up to 3 weeks

and 3-month visas are renewable.

Nationals of the Democratic Republic

of the Congo, Uganda and Rwanda do not

need visas to visit Burundi. Travelers from countries

where Burundi does not have

diplomatic representation and travelers

going to another country within 72 hours

can obtain visas at entry points.

Validity of visas is subject to

the discretion of the Immigration Department.

Visa prices begin at US$80,

with an added $10 fee for transit travelers.

Kenya Airways has made

visa application forms available on their website

for visitors to Kenya.

By visiting www.kenya-airways.com, travelers

can download visa applications for

processing at any of Kenya's entry points.

Citizens of most African countries do not

need visas to enter Kenya.

Lists of those who do not need visas can

be found on Kenya's government website.

Kenya offers transit (maximum of 7 days, US $20),

single entry (US$50) and

multiple entry (one year - US$110) visas.

Single entry visas permit travel to Uganda,

Tanzania and reentry into Kenya.

Travel elsewhere, i.e. Rwanda, will forfeit this.

Citizens of Gabon do not require visas

to enter Congo, but Congolese nationals who are

also citizens of other countries

do require visas if traveling

on their other passport.

Visa fees for touring and business travelers

are US$70 for 15 days, US$100

for one month and US$180 for

three months (business only).

All visas are multiple entry.

Visas are required by all travelers

except transit passengers staying up

to 48 hours. Visas can be obtained

at entry points and begin at US$70.

Link here
Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

Steve Harvey Introduces Jesus


Internet mobile : appelez-moi Bouygues Bing Telecom

 La filiale mobile du groupe Bouygues
propose à ses clients une première
 version mobile sur-mesure
du moteur Bing.com
de Microsoft en français.

Publié sur ITespresso.fr
par  Philippe Guerrier
Bouygues Telecom poursuit
son partenariat stratégique avec
Microsoft en intégrant
Bing.com dans son portail mobile.

Après avoir proposé MSN Search à
ses dix millions de clients
via Internet mobile, Bouygues Telecom
intègre désormais le nouvel outil
de recherche de Microsoft.

La firme de Redmond avait
inauguré Bing.com sur le Web
dans le courant du
printemps 2009.

C'est la première version mobile
de Bing.com que l'on voit
apparaître en France.

Microsoft a développé
une version spécifique de
son moteur pour l'opérateur basée
sur la technologie de Bing Mobile.

Elle agrège des résultats
des recherches entre le portail mobile
de Bouygues Telecom,
le moteur Gallery et le Web.

La filiale mobile de Bouygues Telecom
a toujours entretenu des relations
particulières avec Microsoft
dans le cadre de
déploiement de
services Internet mobile.

Ainsi, dès juin 2006, l'opérateur avait
adopté en premier la version mobile
de Windows Live Messenger
(messagerie instantanée),
un produit qui
avait démarré fort à l'époque.

Tags :, ,
, ,

Link here



Kenya widow opens arms to abandoned child

Agnes Awori already had 11 children to care for
when she decided to take in a newborn baby
left in a plastic bag on a railway track
near her home last year.
She named him Moses.
(Robyn Dixon / Los Angeles Times)

Living in a Nairobi slum, she adds
a newborn found in a plastic bag
to her brood of four children
and seven orphans.
The problem of abandoned infants
is significant in Africa, activists say.

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Agnes Awori is hurrying to the market,
early afternoon.

She sees a cluster of perhaps
two dozen people on the railway track.

Probably the usual thing,
she thinks: someone killed by a train.

The 53-year-old widow, who lives
in the Kibera slum outside Nairobi,
doesn't have time to waste: She has
11 children to support -- four of her own,
the rest her dead sister's.

But she can't resist the twinge
of curiosity tugging her to the tracks.

Turns out it isn't a body,
just a plastic shopping bag.

It's been lying there
at least four hours, someone tells her.

It moves.

"It was a human being," Awori says.

"He was just dumped there,
with his umbilical cord.
He was naked, as he'd just been born."

Awori's heart sings. She will save this baby.

As she gently picks him up and
cuddles him, the women in the crowd
laugh at her. She carries him away,
a stream of ridicule
and laughter pealing in her ears.

"Some said, 'Don't you have work to do?'

Others said, 'You can't leave
your work for that.

You can just sell that child for 10 shillings.'

"I didn't care," she says.

"It hurts my heart to see
a human being thrown away."

She calls the baby Moses.

Child abandonment is disturbingly
common in urban townships
and slums in many cities across Africa.

One of Awori's neighbors rescued
a baby girl from a pit latrine.

Awori says unwanted infants
are often dumped in the river
next to the slum.

Many of the babies don't survive.

There are no statistics on
child abandonment in Kenya
or South Africa: Some infant corpses
are probably never found.

But anecdotal evidence
from charities involved
in child rescue suggests it is common.

"It doesn't happen sometimes.
It happens a lot," says
Tahiyya Hassim of New BeginningZ,
a child rescue charity she set up
eight years ago in Pretoria,
South Africa, after
 a car accident left her
wondering what she had
contributed during her life.

In March 2008, Hassim established
an anonymous drop-off point
in Pretoria called the Wall of Hope
where mothers could
abandon babies without repercussions.

"Before I put the wall, it was a case
of the police phoning me
on a weekly basis, saying,

'We have found another
dead baby in a dustbin or
a park or a toilet,' " Hassim says.

Since then, 17 babies have
been abandoned at the wall.

The number of dead infants found
in the area by police has declined,
says Hassim, who has interviewed
many young women about
why they left children to die.

"They are often so desperate
they don't have any alternative,"
she says.

"A lot of the girls we spoke to
said how horrible the treatment
was that they got from
social workers at state clinics.

The social workers tell them,
'You made the baby, now deal with it.'

"Often girls have been raped
by relatives like brothers or fathers."

She recently created a second
drop-off point, but faces opposition
from the government's Department
of Social Development,
responsible for child welfare,
which told her she was
encouraging women
to abandon their children.

"We are just trying to prevent
children from dying in the street,"
Hassim says.

Sixteen months after she rescued
the baby on the train tracks,
Awori sits in her one-room shack.

She rocks constantly,
Moses dozing peacefully in her arms.

Thirteen people live behind
the red curtain in the doorway
of Awori's shack.

Moses is the youngest.
The oldest child is 15.

The room is divided in two
by a blue drape.

Behind it lies the bed where
the widow sleeps with
the smaller children.

The bigger ones
sleep with her neighbors.

A rusted bicycle frame is
suspended under the roof,
holding a bundle of firewood
for cooking.

In one corner, she has pinned
some cardboard religious
paintings, like a shrine.

A daughter, Elizabeth, cuts
Swiss chard into thin strips
for sale at their vegetable stall.

They have fewer customers
since election violence in
late 2007 and early 2008,
many of their best ones
having moved away.

Awori relies on credit from
shopkeepers to feed the family.

She makes about 200 shillings
(about $2.65) a day and
has accumulated about
10,000 shillings (about $132)
in rent and food debts
in the last two years.
She keeps sinking further into debt.

"I am just praying that
God will open his
own way for me," she says.

Awori says that when
her children get older, she'll
work hard and repay
the shopkeepers and
landlord, in installments.

"I'm happy in my life,"
she says, still rocking Moses.

"I'll bring him up well,
like these other orphans.
Everyone has
their own talents in life."


Link here

Sent from Kigali, Rwanda


The Top Five Natural Gas Companies to Watch

By Kent Moors, Ph.D., Contributing Writer,
Money Morning

I've briefed Wall Street before.
This time, however, the 57th floor conference room
is packed.
Some heavy hitters invited me
to explain why natural gas is the upcoming energy play.

By the size of the crowd, it seems the word is getting around.

The last time interest was this high, natural gas
contracts on the New York Mercantile
Exchange (NYMEX) were racing past $14 and
the dominant players were making a fortune.

We're about to see them try it again.
Exxon Mobil Corp.'s (NYSE: XOM) recent acquisition
of shale gas producer XTO Energy Inc. (NYSE: XTO),
for example, is only the first
of several moves we're about
to see as the sector shakes itself out again.

This time, however, average investors
can move early and reap the benefits.
In a matter of days, gas contracts
have jumped more than 25%, approaching $6.

That's sparked an interest in production.
But there's a supply glut right now, so prices
can't go much higher.

Not in the near term, anyway.
And that means the largest producers
won't necessarily provide the heftiest returns.

For investors, the real money's in
operationally efficient companies, like the ones
I'm about to show you.

They boast prime field locations, too.
And they keep extraction costs low.

In the long term, of course,
the fundamentals for natural gas
are spectacular.

Demand Will Be Higher Than Analysts Expect

The Department of Energy projects a 15% rise in U.S.
demand over the next two decades.

But it will be higher than that. More power production
from gas generation (instead of coal)
and widening industrial applications
should push the increase closer to 20% to 22%.

It gets better, though.

Unlike crude oil, we have enough
gas reserves to cover all of our needs
for at least the next century.

And natural gas demand is
increasing much faster in
other parts of the world.

That gives U.S. producers
of liquefied natural gas
more export potential.

So how can investors
profit from natural gas now?

Here's what I told the fund managers
and high-net-worth analysts in New York…

    * U.S. demand is returning and natural gas
is becoming the fuel of choice.
But a tighter market means cheaper production
will be nudging more
expensive operations out of the picture.

    * Smaller producers - ones that can provide
constant volume at cheaper rates - will be
the smart investment moves. Lean, hungry,
niche operations are the ones who will make money.
 * Unconventional production, especially shale gas,
is providing more volume at lower prices
than fast-maturing free-standing gas fields.

    * Pipeline developments in the U.S. will be
leveling off major regional price differences
and improving the bottom line
prospects of well-focused companies.

Now, people who attend my Wall Street briefings
are usually making seven figures or more a year.

These "market gurus" are supposed to be
on top of the movers and make the correct calls.

But that's usually not the case, especially
in the energy market. That's why they call me in.

(It doesn't hurt, of course, that my data banks regularly
follow 523 publically traded North American oil
and gas producers, along with hundreds
of overseas service providers and companies.

As the energy sector heats up,
several new ones are added each week.)

But while I'm quite content to invoice
the Wall Street gaggle for my services,
I never give these overpriced prima donnas
investment advice.

They serve merely to drive
the current herd mentality in the Big Apple,
often adding to the problems.

They also burn out too quickly,
replaced by another crew of
even younger, less-experienced hot shots.

How young?

One of them actually rode into
my briefing on a skateboard!

These guys are not the real driving force
in the market.

That role is occupied by
millions of individual investors - the real
soul of the free market.

That's why I making my recommendations
here, for people like you...

The Top 5 Natural Gas Companies

Applying the four points above, these are
the top five natural gas producers to watch.

They have all moved up sharply
in recent trading and are
primed for further advances:

    * Chesapeake Energy Corp. (NYSE: CHK):
Up 16%, December 8-18.

    * Devon Energy Corp. (NYSE: DVN): Up 9%.

    * EOG Resources Inc. (NYSE: EOG): Up 8.5%.

    * Newfield Exploration Co. (NYSE: NFX): Up 19%.

    * Range Resources Corp. (NYSE: RRC): Up 18%.

All of these companies are focused.
They're well managed. They have efficient,
cost-effective operations.

They're well located. And they're
of moderate size.

They also share another
interesting characteristic: They're all
primarily shale gas producers.

Devon and EOG are leaders in
the Barnett Shale (Texas), Newfield
in the Woodford Shale (Oklahoma),
Range in the Marcellus, where Chesapeake,
already a major shale gas producer
in the southwestern U.S.,
is now the largest lease holder.

And there are other producers
coming up right behind them.

As the Exxon acquisition of XTO indicates,
majors are looking to add companies
having developed shale gas production.

That will put the aforementioned
five in play as M&A targets.

[Editor's Note : Dr. Kent Moors, now
a regular contributor to Money Morning,
is the executive managing partner
of Risk Management Associates International LLP,
a full-service global management consulting
and executive training firm.

He is an internationally recognized expert
in global risk management, oil/natural gas policy
and finance, cross-border capital flows,
emerging market economic
and fiscal development, political,
financial and market risk assessment,
as well as new techniques
in energy risk management.

Dr. Moors has been an advisor to
the highest levels of the U.S., Russian, Kazakh,
Bahamian, Iraqi and Kurdish governments,
to the governors of several U.S. states
and the premiers of two Canadian provinces,
a consultant to private companies,
financial institutions and law firms
in 25 countries and has appeared
more than 1,400 times as
a featured television and
radio commentator in North America,
Europe and Russia.

He has appeared on ABC, BBC, Bloomberg TV,
CBS, CNN, NBC,Russian RTV,
and regularly on Fox Business Network.]

Link here

Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

United, we stand

May the good Lord guide you safely
to Rwanda and Congo, so that, together
with the great people of those Nations,
you can help in building our region
into one Region.

"The Great Lakes Basin"

Which should be made up of almost
every variety of the human family.

Where there should be as before
God and the Law

No Muganda, no Acholi,
no Munyamulenge, no Muluba
no Mututsi, no Muhutu, no Muhima
no Mwiru, no Catholic, no Moslem,
no Protestant, no Pagan, no Rich,
no Poor, no Black, no White


One great people equal Rights
common Destiny
for all in the Region

May the Lord give you the unashamed courage
to believe in the highest and best ideals
of our People and enough
passionate patience to make them come true

With my Love and Prayers

Moses Kiwe Sebunya


Sent from Kigali, Rwanda


Nigeria offers volunteers for health sector

Permanent Secretaries Eugene Munyakayanza (R)
and Agnes Binagwaho( L)
sharing a light moment with Nigeria's Ambassador to Rwanda,
Fidelis Ayogu (C) yesterday. (Photo J Mbanda


KIGALI - The Nigerian government through its
Health Technical Support Progamme,
Technical Aid Corps (TAC) will send
to Rwanda 63 medical experts
to work as volunteers in Rwanda.

The first batch of 32 medical experts was
received yesterday by officials from
the Ministries of Health and Foreign Affairs.

The Nurses and Doctors are part of
Nigeria's Technical Aid Corps (TAC),
a volunteering programme set up
by the Nigerian government in 1987.

The last batch of 31 medics is expected
in country in January and the group
hopes to windup its tour of duty in 2011.

Speaking during the occasion to receive them,
Nigeria's Ambassador to Rwanda
with residence in Kampala, Fidelis Ayogu
underscored his country's commitment
to assist fellow African nations.

"We are now saying that the best thing
for us is to go Africa, professionals are scarce
in all countries, even in the US.

We don't have them in abundance
but we have to sacrifice.

They will be here for two years and,
it's a government to government affair,"
Ayogu said.

While welcoming the group to Rwanda,
Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health,
 Dr. Agnes Binagwaho, noted that
the earlier group of medical volunteers
from Nigeria had been exemplary,
and guaranteed them utmost hospitality.

"Let me assure you Mr. High Commissioner
that they were perfect ambassadors,
not only perfect ambassadors for Nigeria
but perfect ambassadors for Africa,
and perfect ambassadors
for the health sector," Binagwaho said.

Nigerian Nurses and Doctors
first started volunteering
in Rwanda, in 2000.

Binagwaho said that this year,
government wants the team to focus
on the education sector,
especially training Rwandan nurses.

Funded by the Nigerian government,
TAC currently operates
in 20 African
and Caribbean Pacific countries.

Link here


Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

Queen welcomes Rwanda to C’wealth


KIGALI - The Queen of England,
Her Majesty Elizabeth II,
who is the head of the Commonwealth,
has congratulated Rwanda upon
its admission into the grouping
that comprises mainly former British colonies.

In a congratulatory message to
President Paul Kagame and
the people of Rwanda,
Queen Elizabeth said that Rwanda
has made significant progress
in the last 15 years, and
the admission to the Commonwealth
is reflection of what
the Rwandan people
have achieved during this period.

"I send the people of Rwanda congratulations
on the occasion of their accession
to the Commonwealth

Rwanda has made much progress since
the terrible events of 1994, and
its accession to the Commonwealth
is an indication of this

"Both Rwanda and the Commonwealth
will gain greatly from
this new relationship, and I welcome
Rwanda as the 54th Member State
the Queen's message reads.

Rwanda was unanimously admitted into
the Commonwealth as a 54th Member
on the 29th of November by
the Commonwealth Heads
of Government Meeting (CHOGM)
held in Trinidad and Tobago.

Following an assessment by
the Commonwealth Secretariat, Rwanda's admission
merited on grounds of having
good democratic processes such
as free and fair elections,
the rule of law and
independence of the judiciary.

Rwanda was equally commended
for good governance, protection
of human rights, freedom of
expression and having
a transparent system in place.

Rwanda's was backed by some
of the prominent members of the group
including Britain, Australia, Canada,
India, South Africa, Uganda, Kenya,
Tanzania and Trinidad and Tobago.

Rwanda became the second member
of the commonwealth without
any historical British colonial links
after Mozambique.

The Commonwealth accounts for
a population of more than
two billion and $2.8 trillion in annual trade.

Its main focus is promoting trade,
education and good governance
among its member countries.


Link here



MTN Uganda goes to court over interconnection rates

IDG News Service

 Edris Kisambira, The Industry Standard
Uganda's largest mobile telephone operator,
Mobile Telephone Networks (MTN) has taken
the industry regulator, Uganda Communications
Commission (UCC), to court over plans
to fix interconnection rates.

In April this year, the UCC announced that
it would come in to regulate interconnection fees
that players in the mobile telecom sector pay
when they carry each other's call traffic.

A fixed interconnection rate is
international practice, which
the Ugandan market had yet to adopt.

Today, every one of the five players in
the Uganda market charges
a high interconnection fee to maximize profit.

In the suit, which was filed at
the Kampala High Court, MTN wants
a declaration that UCC has
no legal authority to fix
telephone interconnection rates
among telephone operators.

MTN Uganda wants a permanent injunction
restraining the management of UCC
from fixing the interconnection rates.

MTN claims that on Dec. 7, the UCC fixed
telephone interconnection rates at
US$ 0.066 for mobile and fixed termination
near end; $0.063 for fixed termination far end;
$0.013 for transit; $0.007 for SMS termination;
and wholesale leased line charges
 at a retail rate of less 20 percent.

"By law fixing telephone interconnection rates
between telephone operators is a matter
of negotiations and agreement and
as such UCC's decision shall have effect
of re-writing the said agreement contrary
to the law and public policy,"
the complaint reads in part.

The move to regulate interconnection charges
was informed by a consultation study
on interconnection, retail costs and pricing
that was undertaken by
PricewaterhouseCoopers London
on behalf of the UCC early in the year.

New mobile competitors coming into
the Uganda market have in the past
been critical of the existing policy
of leaving the issue of interconnection
to the players themselves.

The new interconnection regime aims
to provide users with the widest
possible choices of quality service
at the most competitive prices
and gives policy makers and regulators
opportunities to foster and
enhance universal service/access initiatives.

It also requires network operators
and service providers to perform
their competitive/complementary activities
in an orderly manner and
with due regard to public interest.

Link here

Sent from Kigali, Rwanda

Gov’t acquires 67 modern ambulances

Prime Minister Bernard Makuza testing one
of the Ambulances Yesterday. (Photo/ J .Mbanda)


KIGALI - Government yesterday unveiled 67
state-of-the-art ambulances that will
be distributed in all district hospitals across the country.

The ambulances were yesterday unveiled by
the Prime Minister Bernard Makuza in
a function held at the Amahoro National Stadium
where the vans are currently parked awaiting distribution.

Speaking at the function, the Premier said
that the government spent over Rwf 2billion
in purchasing the ambulances.

"There was urgent need for the ambulances and
their arrival will ensure an additional support
to our health sector," said Makuza.

With the already existing ambulances,
each district hospital will now have
at least three ambulances but government
plans are to equip each district hospital
with at least five ambulances.

Makuza told directors of district hospitals to ensure
maintenance and proper handling of
the ambulances and warned that
whoever mishandles the vans will be punished.

The Minister of Health Dr. Richard Sezibera said
that the ministry intends to install
tracking devices within the ambulances
to monitor their locations.

"The software will have the capacity
to freeze the vans whenever it
is parked in illegal places," said Sezibera.

The new ambulances have basic life support systems,
installed oxygen system,
one 4 - wheeled multi- level
ambulance cot with retaining straps.


Link here

Sent from Kigali, Rwanda


Never Again by East African Artists

Juliana Kanyomozi with Nabikoowa on UGPulse.com Ugandan Music

Donor budget support increases by 20 percent

Finance Minister John Rwangombwa greets the Head of
Development Cooperation in the German Embassy
and other Development partners after the meeting.
(Photo/ J. Mbanda)

KIGALI - Development partners yesterday hailed government

for maintaining a steady economic growth path and

announced a 21 percent increase in their support

to the country's budget in the 2010/11 fiscal year.

Speaking on behalf of seven development partners after

signing a $335.4 budget support package

for next fiscal year, Dr. Heike Henn, Head of

Development Cooperation at the Germany Embassy

said that the commitment made was a result

of positive development Rwanda had registered.

"The year 2009 has been a year of successful

collaboration between the Government of Rwanda

and the Budget Support Development Partners.

We comment the government for the progress

we have seen throughout the year," he said.

"We have seen Macro-economic stability despite

the difficult environment.

We are seeing good progress regarding

EDPRS implementation for example in

health and education," Henn said

at the ceremony held at MINICOFIN.

She noted that the estimated growth figures

of 2009 and a strong performance of

the agriculture sector "are encouraging"

especially when the world is

facing economic hardships.

Within the new pledged support, the World Bank

contributed $91m, European Commission $80.5m,

United Kingdom $63.1m, African Development Bank

$27.6m, Germany $15.2m, Netherlands $14.4m

and Belgium $4.3m.

Most of the funding will be front-loaded

in the first two quarters of the 2010/11 Financial Year.

Rwanda will also receive additional funding

of $39.3m through Joint Financing Mechanisms,

bringing the total amount to $335.4

from development partners.

The commitment received yesterday means

that the government can now fully programme

all budget support contributions into

the National budget in due time

for the next fiscal year.

The commitment comes five weeks after

conclusion of the Joint Budget Support Review

held in November where development partners

and the government made an overall assessment

in of implementation of EDPRS programs

during the 2009/10 Fiscal year.

The partners also announced their commitment

to fund the 2011/12 and 2012/13

fiscal year budget.

"Budget support directly translates into public spending

on priority areas for economic development

and poverty reduction.

It makes up a significant share of the overall budget

and without it, the implementation of

the EDPRS would be impossible," Henn said.

Finance Minister John Rwangombwa commended

development partners and pledged

to ensure aid effectiveness and accountability.

"Budget support is an aid modality based

on deep mutual trust and depends

on development partner's confidence

in the country's systems," the Minister said.

"By their presence and the pledges made today,

our budget support partners signal that

they believe in the government overall

development plan with the ultimate aim

of reducing and eventually

eradicating poverty," Rwangombwa said.

He noted that the 21 percent increase

in the commitment is a sign of confidence

from the development partners and

Rwandans-assuring the partners that 'every penny'

received goes towards improving

the lives of all Rwandans.


link here